Federal offenders are almost exclusively dealt with in State courts. In some matters courts have compared criminality in federal offending and state offending. As a result of this there has been some divergence in the range of sentences across the states and territories. The High Court in The Queen v Pham  HCA 39 held offenders should be sentenced in accordance with the range of sentences across all states and territories.
The High Court also affirmed the proposition that quantity of drugs is not the sole determiner of the appropriate sentence.
The maximum penalty for possessing stolen or unlawfully obtained property (including cash) under the Criminal Code (WA) has recently been increased. The offence is now an either way indictable charge.
The High Court has in a 6:1 decision, Tajjour & Ors v The State of New South Wales, upheld the validity of consorting laws found in section 93X of the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW). Mr Tajjour unsuccessfully argued that s 93X was invalid on the ground that it infringes the implied freedom of political communication.